When Was Belly Dancing Created


Belly dancing, with its mesmerizing hip movements and captivating costumes, has enthralled audiences for centuries. This ancient dance form has roots in various cultures, making it challenging to pinpoint its exact origins. In this article, we embark on a journey through time to explore the evolution and origins of belly dancing, unraveling the mystery behind its creation.

Ancient Origins:

To comprehend when belly dancing was created, we must delve into the distant past. The origins of this art form can be traced back to ancient Mesopotamia, known as the cradle of civilization. The region encompassed present-day Iraq, Syria, and parts of Turkey and Iran. In this fertile land, a fusion of cultures including the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians flourished.

Mesopotamian origins (3000-2000 BCE):

The earliest evidence of belly dancing dates back to the third millennium BCE in Mesopotamia. Ancient artifacts such as carvings, sculptures, and wall paintings depict women performing dances with undulating movements and delicate gestures. These dances were an integral part of temple rituals, celebrations, and social gatherings.

Egyptian influence (2000-1000 BCE):

As the dance traveled across borders, it encountered the rich culture of ancient Egypt. Belly dancing found its place in the Egyptian society, where it evolved and gained popularity. Egyptian hieroglyphs and tomb paintings dating back to 2000 BCE depict dancers engaging in movements similar to those seen in present-day belly dancing. The dance was practiced by both men and women and was associated with fertility, childbirth, and celebrations.

Moorish influence (711-1492 CE):

During the Islamic conquest of Spain, the Moors introduced their vibrant culture, including dancing, to the Iberian Peninsula. The presence of Moorish influences gave rise to a dance style known as “Raks al-Sharqi” or “Dance of the East,” which later evolved into belly dancing. This cultural exchange enhanced the art form’s repertoire and contributed to its diversity.

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Turkish and Ottoman influences (14th-20th centuries):

During the Ottoman Empire, belly dancing underwent further transformation. Turkish and Ottoman influences combined with the dance styles from conquered territories, resulting in a fusion of movements and music. The dance gained popularity in the Ottoman court, where it became an essential part of entertainment for sultans and their guests.

European fascination (18th-19th centuries):

With the emergence of Orientalism in the 18th and 19th centuries, belly dancing captured the imaginations of Europeans. Artists, writers, and travelers returning from the Middle East introduced the dance to European societies, creating a sensation. Belly dancing performances became an exotic form of entertainment, often portrayed in paintings, literature, and theater.

Modernization and global spread (20th century-present):

In the early 20th century, belly dancing underwent a significant transformation as it adapted to new cultural influences and global dance trends. Pioneers like Badia Masabni in Egypt and Tahia Carioca in Brazil revolutionized the dance by merging traditional elements with modern choreography. The advent of cinema further popularized belly dancing, with numerous films featuring captivating performances.

Today, belly dancing has become a global phenomenon, with practitioners and enthusiasts in every corner of the world. It has evolved into various styles, including Egyptian, Turkish, American Tribal, and Fusion belly dance, each showcasing unique characteristics while maintaining the essence of the ancient art form.


While the exact origins of belly dancing are shrouded in the mists of time, it is clear that this captivating dance form has ancient roots. From its inception in Mesopotamia to its expansion across continents, belly dancing has absorbed influences from diverse cultures and flourished through the ages. Its enduring appeal lies in its ability to transcend boundaries, captivating audiences with its sensual movements, and celebrating the beauty of the human body. As belly dancing continues to evolve, it remains an integral part of cultural heritage, a testament to the power of dance to connect people across time and space.

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